ВОЗОБНОВЛЯЕМЫЕ ПРИРОДНЫЕ СЫРЬЕВЫЕ РЕСУРСЫ, СТРОЕНИЕ, СВОЙСТВА, ПЕРСПЕКТИВЫ ПРИМЕНЕНИЯ

  • Galina A. Teptereva Уфимский государственный нефтяной технический университет
  • Irina A. Chetvertneva Уфимский государственный нефтяной технический университет
  • Eldar M. Movsumzade Уфимский государственный нефтяной технический университет
  • Mariya V. Sevastyanova Уфимский государственный нефтяной технический университет
  • Oleg A. Baulin Уфимский государственный нефтяной технический университет
  • Marianna E. Loginova Уфимский государственный нефтяной технический университет
  • Sergey I. Pakhomov Департамент аттестации научных и научно-педагогических работников Министерства науки и высшего образования
  • Eduard H. Karimov ООО ПКФ «Полипласт»
  • Mikhail P. Egorov Институт органической химии им. Н.Д. Зелинского РАН
  • Nikolay E. Nifantyev Институт органической химии им. Н.Д. Зелинского РАН
  • Eduard I. Evstigneev Санкт-Петербургский государственный лесотехнический университет им. С.М. Кирова
  • Aleksandr V. Vasiliev Санкт-Петербургский государственный лесотехнический университет им. С.М. Кирова
  • Aleksandr I. Voloshin ООО «РН-БашНИПИнефть»
  • Vasiliy V. Nosov ООО «РН-БашНИПИнефть»
  • Vladimir A. Dokichev Уфимский Институт химии УФИЦ РАН
  • Alsu V. Fakhreeva Уфимский Институт химии УФИЦ РАН
  • Elbey R. Babaev Институт химии присадок им. академика А.М. Кулиева НАН Азербайджана
  • Svetlana Z. Rogovina Институт химической физики им. Н.Н. Семенова РАН
  • Aleksandr A. Berlin Институт химической физики им. Н.Н. Семенова РАН
  • Galina Yu. Kolchina Стерлитамакский филиал Башкирского государственного университета
  • Mikhail S. Voronov Российский химико-технологический университет им. Д.И. Менделеева
  • Dmitriy V. Staroverov Российский химико-технологический университет им. Д.И. Менделеева
  • Roman A. Kozlovsky Российский химико-технологический университет им. Д.И. Менделеева
  • Nataliya P. Tarasova Российский химико-технологический университет им. Д.И. Менделеева
  • Alexey A. Zanin Российский химико-технологический университет им. Д.И. Менделеева
  • Efrem G. Krivoborodov Российский химико-технологический университет им. Д.И. Менделеева
  • Oleg Kh. Karimov МИРЭА - Российский технологический университет
  • Vitaliy R. Flid МИРЭА - Российский технологический университет
Ключевые слова: «зеленая химия», растительное сырье, лигнин, лигносульфонаты, целлюлоза, полисахариды, гемицеллюлозы, карбоксиметилцеллюлоза, композиции, биоразлагаемость

Аннотация

В обзоре рассмотрены современные представления сравнительно нового направления «зеленой химии» в области химической переработки возобновляемого природного растительного сырья. Для ряда процессов показаны пути, методы и некоторые технологические аспекты получения новых соединений и реагентных систем, биоразлагаемых композиций и продуктов «зеленой химии», востребованных в различных секторах экономики, промышленности и жизнеобеспечении общества. Приведены результаты анализа российских и мировых запасов лесных ресурсов по авторитетным современным источникам и предложения по их сохранению и восстановлению. Описаны проблемы биорефайлинга растительного сырья, одним из которых является валоризация лигнина – ароматического компонента химического состава древесины. Предложено получение биоразлагаемых систем и композиций на основе побочного продукта переработки древесины лигносульфоната нейтрального способа получения, характеризующегося высоким содержанием полисахаридов в составе гемицеллюлоз углеводной части древесины после выделения целлюлозы. Показаны пути применения модифицированных продуктов целлюлозы, как ингибиторов солеотложения и газогидратообразования, области их применния в нефтепромысловой химии. Лигнин и другие составляющие растительных ресурсов уже давно являются основой различных классов волокон природного происхождения, в том числе растительного и животного, искусственных волокон. В секторе создания материалов с новыми свойствами, обладающими широким спектром практического применения, в обзоре описано получение полилактида ПЛА, синтезированного из молочной кислоты. Этот полимер можно рассматривать как современную альтернативу многим синтетическим полимерам, получаемым из продуктов нефтепереработки. Для продуктов взаимодействия лактата аммония и н-бутилового спирта описана кинетическая модель для получения бутиллактата - промежуточного продукта зеленой химии. Приведены результаты исследования специфического класса соединений – ионных жидкостей – традиционно рассматриваемых в качестве так называемых «зеленых растворителей». Предложен подход к созданию математической модели методом расчета адсорбционных характеристик для оценки эффективности систем и композици на основе биоразлагаемых полимеров направления «зеленой химии».

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Опубликован
2021-09-01
Как цитировать
Teptereva, G. A., Chetvertneva, I. A., Movsumzade, E. M., Sevastyanova, M. V., Baulin, O. A., Loginova, M. E., Pakhomov, S. I., Karimov, E. H., Egorov, M. P., Nifantyev, N. E., Evstigneev, E. I., Vasiliev, A. V., Voloshin, A. I., Nosov, V. V., Dokichev, V. A., Fakhreeva, A. V., Babaev, E. R., Rogovina, S. Z., Berlin, A. A., Kolchina, G. Y., Voronov, M. S., Staroverov, D. V., Kozlovsky, R. A., Tarasova, N. P., Zanin, A. A., Krivoborodov, E. G., Karimov, O. K., & Flid, V. R. (2021). ВОЗОБНОВЛЯЕМЫЕ ПРИРОДНЫЕ СЫРЬЕВЫЕ РЕСУРСЫ, СТРОЕНИЕ, СВОЙСТВА, ПЕРСПЕКТИВЫ ПРИМЕНЕНИЯ. ИЗВЕСТИЯ ВЫСШИХ УЧЕБНЫХ ЗАВЕДЕНИЙ. СЕРИЯ «ХИМИЯ И ХИМИЧЕСКАЯ ТЕХНОЛОГИЯ», 64(9), 4-121. https://doi.org/10.6060/ivkkt.20216409.6465
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